To believe that any extensive human society can make do without a small
Úlite or a large lower class is as rational as to believe in circles
Any society where all are
equal consists of just one person, if only for purely logical reasons,
wholly apart from utopian dreams.
If there are fewer criminals
and frauds than honest men in a society, the laws in it must be
Tyche, the Greek goddess of chance, is the only somewhat credible deity
- and she is completely irresponsible, and unresponsive to all prayer.
There are few men who are capable of "a vigorous and intrepid use of
their reason", and even fewer who dare to do so: In human society it so
far has always been dangerous and unpopular to try to be rational and
There are no politicians who are not hypocrites, for the same reason as
there are no swindlers who are not frauds.
It is not necessarily a
blemish in a politician that he is a fraud, for so are his opponents.
The true test of a politician is whose interests he serves - and most
serve their own interests, or those of their party.
There is nothing that demeans people so easily and effectively as
nearly anonymous membership in a group.
There is no crime or cruelty
that cannot be speciously justified by the supposed interests and moral
norms of some group.
To falsify oneself is a necessary condition for most careers.
In society, nearly all depends on mutual checks and balances.
The advantage of society are
the chances for individual betterment it provides; the disadvantage of
society is that nearly all ways towards social improvement are ways of
None are more ambitious than the witless, the fraudulent
and the greedy.
The cement of human society is reputation, and reputation tends to be
based on posturing and hypocrisy.
There is nothing so deceptive and deceiving as passion.